GHS Label Diagrams Explained

Use GHS labels to let users know what in every bottle can or container. This is our lowdown on what all the signs are and examples of whats needs them.

Physical Hazards Pictograms

GHS label compressed gas bottle

Compressed Gas

  • Compressed gases
  • Liquefied gases
  • Refrigerated liquefied gases
  • Dissolved gases
GHS label corrosive

Corrosive

  • Acid
  • Corrosive to metals
  • Corrosive to organic tissue, for example your hands.
  • Dissolved gases
GHS label explosive

Explosive

  • Unstable explosives
  • Explosives, divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures, types A, B
  • Organic peroxides, types A, B
GHS label oxidizing

Oxidizing

  • Oxidizing gases, category 1
  • Oxidizing liquids, categories 1, 2, 3
  • Oxidizing solids, categories 1, 2, 3
GHS label flammable

Flammable

  • Flammable gases, category 1
  • Flammable aerosols, categories 1, 2
  • Flammable liquids, categories 1, 2, 3
  • Flammable solids, categories 1, 2
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures, types B, C, D, E, F
  • Pyrophoric liquids, category 1
  • Pyrophoric solids, category 1
  • Self-heating substances and mixtures, categories 1, 2
  • Substances and mixtures, which in contact with water, emit flammable gases, categories 1, 2, 3
  • Organic peroxides, types B, C, D, E, F

If your product is listed as toxic, harmful, corrosive or flammable you will need to display a tactile warning label on your product.

Health hazards pictograms

GHS label toxic

Toxic

  • Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1, 2, 3
GHS label health hazard

Health Hazard

  • Respiratory sensitization, category 1
  • Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
  • Carcinogenicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
  • Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
  • Specific target organ toxicity following single exposure, categories 1, 2
  • Specific target organ toxicity following repeated exposure, categories 1, 2
  • Aspiration hazard, categories 1, 2
GHS label harmful

Harmful

  • Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4
  • Skin irritation, categories 2, 3
  • Eye irritation, category 2A
  • Skin sensitization, category 1
  • Specific target organ toxicity following single exposure, category 3
    • Respiratory tract irritation
    • Narcotic effects
    Not used
    • with the “skull and crossbones” pictogram
    • for skin or eye irritation if:
      • the “corrosion” pictogram also appears
      • the “health hazard” pictogram is used to indicate respiratory sensitization

Physical And Health Hazard Pictograms

GHS label corrosive

Corrosive

  • Explosives, divisions 1.5, 1.6
  • Flammable gases, category 2
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures, type G (see HAZMAT Class 4 Flammable solids)
  • Organic peroxides, type G
  • Skin corrosion, categories 1A, 1B, 1C
  • Serious eye damage, category 1

Environmental hazards pictograms

GHS label environmental hazards

Environmental Hazard

  • Acute hazards to the aquatic environment, category 1
  • Chronic hazards to the aquatic environment, categories 1, 2

Transport Pictograms Class 1

GHS transport class 1

Class 1: Explosives 1.1/2/3

  • Division 1.1: Substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard
  • Division 1.2: Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard
  • Division 1.3: Substances and articles which have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard
GHS transport explosives .4/5/6

Class 1: Explosives 1.4/5/6

  • 1.4 – Substances and articles which are classified as explosives but which present no significant hazard
  • 1.5 – Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard
  • 1.6 – No hazard statement

Class 2: Gases

GHS flammable gases

Flammable gases

  • Gases which at 20 °C and a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa:
    • are ignitable when in a mixture of 13 per cent or less by volume with air; or
    • have a flammable range with air of at least 12 percentage points regardless of the lower flammable limit.
GHS non-flammable non-toxic

Non-flammable non-toxic gases

  • Gases which:
    • are asphyxiant – gases which dilute or replace the oxygen normally in the atmosphere; or
    • are oxidizing – gases which may, generally by providing oxygen, cause or contribute to the combustion of other material more than air does; or
    • do not come under the other divisions;
GHS toxic gases

Toxic gases

  • Gases which:
    • are known to be so toxic or corrosive to humans as to pose a hazard to health; or
    • are presumed to be toxic or corrosive to humans because they have an LC50 value equal to or less than 5000 ml/m3 (ppm).

Classes 3 and 4: Flammable liquids and solids

GHS flammable liquid

Flammable liquids

Liquids which have a flash point of less than 60 °C and which are capable of sustaining combustion.

GHS flammable and self reactive substances

Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives

Solids which, under conditions encountered in transport, are readily combustible or may cause or contribute to fire through friction; self-reactive substances which are liable to undergo a strongly exothermic reaction; solid desensitized explosives which may explode if not diluted sufficiently.

Substances liable to spontaneous combustion

Substances which are liable to spontaneous heating under normal conditions encountered in transport, or to heating up in contact with air, and being then liable to catch fire.

Substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases

Solids which, under conditions encountered in transport, are readily combustible or may cause or contribute to fire through friction; self-reactive substances which are liable to undergo a strongly exothermic reaction; solid desensitized explosives which may explode if not diluted sufficiently.

GHS Classes 5 & 6

Oxidizing substances

Substances which, while in themselves not necessarily combustible, may, generally by yielding oxygen, cause, or contribute to, the combustion of other material

Organic peroxides

Organic substances which contain the bivalent –O–O– structure and may be considered derivatives of hydrogen peroxide, where one or both of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic radicals.

Corrosive substances

Substances which:

  • Cause full thickness destruction of intact skin tissue on exposure time of less than 4 hours; or
  • Exhibit a corrosion rate of more than 6.25 mm per year on either steel or aluminium surfaces at 55 °C